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Scaled Model Testing of Coaxial Rotor Hub Flows

Charles Tierney, Nicholas Jaffa, David Reich, Sven Schmitz, Pennsylvania State University

May 10, 2021

https://doi.org/10.4050/F-0077-2021-16877

Abstract:
Rotor hub parasite drag remains a primary obstacle to improving the forward-flight capabilities of helicopters. As part of a rotor hub flow physics project at the Vertical Lift Research Center of Excellence (VLRCOE) at Penn State, this investigation was designed to improve the understanding of the interactional aerodynamics and wake flow physics of counter-rotating coaxial rotor hubs and explore designs for reducing the rotor hub drag factor, Kfe. These experiments measured the time-averaged and time-varying drag on four rotor hub designs, each with unique blade stubs. The four shapes tested were the DBLN 526 airfoil, 3.25:1 Rectangle, 4:1 Ellipse, and the novel profile named the Optimized Cambered Shape (OCS). Load data was collected at four Reynolds numbers ranging from 3.77×105 to 1.51×106 and advance ratios ranging from .25 to .6. Additionally, stereoscopic particle-image velocimetry (SPIV) measured the three velocity components at two downstream locations in the wake of the DBLN 526 rotor hub at Re=1.13×106 and advance ratios of .25 and .6, providing insight into and visualizing the development of the wake. Presented here is the compiled load data and calculated Kfe from these experiments, as well as the flow fields at the near- and midwake locations, with discussion of new knowledge gained of the coaxial rotor hub wakes.


Scaled Model Testing of Coaxial Rotor Hub Flows

  • Presented at Forum 77
  • 21 pages
  • SKU # : F-0077-2021-16877
  • Test and Evaluation

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Scaled Model Testing of Coaxial Rotor Hub Flows

Authors / Details:
Charles Tierney, Nicholas Jaffa, David Reich, Sven Schmitz, Pennsylvania State University