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The Effect of Boundary Layer Character on Stochastic Rotor Blade Vortex Shedding Noise

Christopher S. Thurman, Nicole A. Pettingill, Nikolas S. Zawodny, NASA Langley Research Center

May 10, 2022

https://doi.org/10.4050/F-0078-2022-17428

Abstract:
This work illustrates the effect of a rotor blade's boundary layer on the broadband laminar boundary layer vortex shedding (LBL-VS) self-noise emitted from an optimum hovering rotor through experimental and multifidelity computational studies. Blade surface roughness effects associated with different manufacturing techniques and the effect of adding a boundary layer trip were shown to decrease LBL-VS noise by upwards of 30 dB at the frequency of maximum emission with as light penalty in aerodynamic performance when compared with smooth rotor blades. Low-fidelity 2-D viscous flow analysis verified the presence of laminar separation bubbles on the rotor blades, which are responsible for LBL-VS noise. Three high-fidelity lattice-Boltzmann simulations were conducted with different wall-functions to predict the boundary layer character correspondent to their experimental counterpart and the resultant presence or absence of LBL-VS noise. Excellent aerodynamic and aeroacoustic agreement was seen between the lattice-Boltzmann simulations and the experimental data for the cases with surface roughness and the boundary layer trip.The broadband noise results from the simulation with fully turbulent wall-functions diverged from the experimental results above 5 kHz. The transitional wall-function simulation, which emulated the smooth experimental blades, under predicted thrust by 14% and broadband noise by a minimum of 10dB with an accurately predicted broadband noise trend.


The Effect of Boundary Layer Character on Stochastic Rotor Blade Vortex Shedding Noise

  • Presented at Forum 78
  • 13 pages
  • SKU # : F-0078-2022-17428
  • Acoustics-I

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The Effect of Boundary Layer Character on Stochastic Rotor Blade Vortex Shedding Noise

Authors / Details:
Christopher S. Thurman, Nicole A. Pettingill, Nikolas S. Zawodny, NASA Langley Research Center