Avicopter Rotorcraft

Vertiflite Nov/Dec 2013China's Avicopter has established itself as one of the world's great helicopter manufacturers. With decades of licenced production experience, the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) — the state-owned aerospace and defense company — has established its capabilities of indigenous development.

For more information, read about China’s helicopter initiatives from the Nov/Dec 2013 issue of Vertiflite! Below is a listing of all of the major Avicopter helicopter models, as of the time of the article.

Also be sure to check out the VFS photo gallery from China Helicopter Exposition 2013 on September 8, 2013, and photos at the 2nd Asian/Australian Rotorcraft Forum (ARF) on Sept. 9-11, 2013, in Tianjin, China. 

Designation Manuf. Plant First Flight Weight Class Engine Status Description
Z-5 Harbin 1959 7.1 t unknown 545 built; now retired Copy of Russian Mi-4.
Z-6 Harbin 1969 7.6 t 1 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6T-6 11 built; now retired Turboshaft version of Z-5. Similar to Mi-8.
Z-7 Changhe - 14 t unknown Never flown Cancelled in 1978 (competed against Z-8)
Z-8 Changhe 1980 12 t 3x Turbomeca Turmo IIIC Still in service Licensed Eurocopter AS321 Super Frelon
Z-9 Dolphin Harbin 1981 4 t 2 x WZ-8A 200 built Licensed Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin. Z-9B is 70% indigenous.
Z-10 Fierce Thunderbolt Changhe 29 Apr 2003 7 t 2x WZ-9 or WZ-16 150 built Indigenous heavy attack helicopter
Z-11 Changhe Dec-94 2.2 t 1x WZ-8D 50 built Licensed Eurocopter AS350 Ecureuil
Z-15 Harbin 2009 (EC175) 7.5 t 2x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6C-67E In development Medium utility helicopter jointly developed with Eurocopter (EC175). Military version of the AC352.
Z-19 Black Whirlwind Harbin May-10 about 5 t 2x WZ-8A In production Derived from Z-9. Tandem seats.
Z-20 Harbin Dec 23, 2013 10 t 2x WZ-10 Operational since 2019 5-blades utility helicopter; Z-20F is the naval variant. In development began in the 1990s.
AC301 Avicopter 2010 2.2 t 1x WZ-8D First delivery planned for 2012 Civil version of Z-11 (AS350 Ecureuil)
AC310 Avicopter 2011 1 t 1x Lycoming H10-360 D1A In production Copy of Schweizer 300C. Certificated by CAAC in 2012.
AC311 Air Sprite Avicopter 2010 2.2 t 1x Honeywell LTS101-700D-2 or WZ-8D In production Derivative of the AS350 Ecureuil. Certificated by CAAC in 2012. Deliveries began in August 2013.
AC312 Avicopter n/a 4.1 t 2x WZ-8 or Turbomeca Arriel 2C In development Civil version of Z-9 (AS365)
AC313 Avicopter 2010 13.8 t 3x Pratt & Whitney PT6B-67A In development 3-engine derivative of the Z-8. Certificated by CAAC in 2013.
AC352 Avicopter 2014 7.5 t 2x WZ-16 or Turbomeca Ardiden 3C In development Medium utility helicopter jointly developed with Eurocopter (EC175). Civil version of the Z-15.
AC3X2 Avicopter n/a 3.1 t 2x unknown In development Announced Sep 2013. First flight planned for 2014.
CA109 Changhe c. 2006 3 t 2x PW 206C or Arrius 2K1 In production Licensed AgustaWestland A109E.
HC120 Harbin c. 2005 1.7 t 1x Turbomeca Arrius 2F Production began in 2005 Only production plant for EC120 outside of France.
Z-18 Changhe March 2010 13.8 t 3 x WZ-6C Operational Transport helicopter based on the AC-313. Also known as the Z-8G.